Florence, florence italy, florence tuscany, tourist information florence, visiting florence, facts about florence, information on florence
Florence, florence italy, florence tuscany, tourist information florence, visiting florence, facts about florence, information on florence
Florence
City of Florence, Tuscany

Florence, florence italy, florence tuscany, tourist information florence, visiting florence, facts about florence, information on florence

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Florence is the capital of the region of Tuscany and around the beginning of the 14th century is was politically, economically and culturally one of the most important cities in Europe for almost 250 years. Today the city is regarded as a cultural, artistic and architectural gem.

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Florence, florence italy, florence tuscany, tourist information florence, visiting florence, facts about florence, information on florence
View of Florence from the Campanile di Giotto - Photo: Luca Aless
Briefly, here are some facts that outline just how important and influencial Florence and its people have been.

The people of Florence were the driving force behind the Age of Discovery with bankers financing Henry the Navigator and the Portuguese explorers who pioneered the route around Africa to India and the Far East.

Dante, Petrarch, and Boccaccio were the first to use a language other than Latin, namely Tuscan which eventualy became the recognised Italian language. This was the beginning of the end of Latin being used as the common language throughout Europe.

The Florentines invented both Renaissance and neoclassical architecture, a fact which greatly influenced and revolutionised the way Rome, London, Paris and every other major city in Europe was built.

Scientists in Florence, one of whom was Gallileo, pioneered the study of optics, ballistics, astronomy and anatomy.

Opera was invented in Florence.

The Medici family were from Florence and were perhaps one of the most important families to have ever lived and one that changed the world more than any other.

Many famous artists came from around Florence, including Giotto, Uccello, Donatello, Botticelli, Michelangelo and Leonardo da Vinci.

Florence, florence italy, florence tuscany, tourist information florence, visiting florence, facts about florence, information on florence
The Cathedral from Michelangleo Hill - Photo: Petar Milošević
Nowadays, Florence is a wonderful city to visit and as it is small and compact, the best way to see and discover it is on foot. The city skyline is dominated by the dome of the cathedral, which is, incidentally, the third largest Christian church in the world. Florence has many other churches which are all filled with of some of the finest art in the world.

This leads us on to the art galleries. Two of the most famous picture galleries in the world can be found here, Uffizi and the Pitti Palace. The Bargello and the Museum of the Works of the Duomo are sculpture galleries, filled with some of the most brilliant and revolutionary creations of Michelangelo, Donatello and Verrochio. One of the most well known and possibly one of the greatest and most unique masterpieces, that of Michaelangelo's David, can be found at the Academia. This gallery also houses many of his unfinished works such as the prisoners and slaves that were to be for the tomb of Pope Julias II.

Florence, florence italy, florence tuscany, tourist information florence, visiting florence, facts about florence, information on florence
David by Michelangelo - Photo: Marcus Obal
As well as all these wonderful art galleries, Florence has over 80 museums. The list is too great to mention them all but the most famous are the magnificent Palazzo Vecchio, the Archeological Museum, the Museum of the History of Science, the Palazzo Davanzatti, the Stibbert Museum, St. Marks, the Medici Chapels, the Zoological Museum and the Museo dell'Opera del Duomo.

Florence, florence italy, florence tuscany, tourist information florence, visiting florence, facts about florence, information on florence
Palazzo Vecchio - Photo: JoJan
There are many other things to do and see in this wonderful city. Giotto's Tower, which is next to the cathedral is one of them. If you are brave enough you can climb the 414 steps to the top of the tower where your efforts will be rewarded by a 360 degree view of the city and surrounding area. It is also possible to climb the Duomo or it's bell tower for equally spectucular views of the city. If you really don't fancy climbing all those stairs then you can take a bus to Piazzale Michelangelo just south of the town centre. From here you have a good view of the city and it is particularly pretty at night when the city is lit up.

Florence, florence italy, florence tuscany, tourist information florence, visiting florence, facts about florence, information on florence
Campanile di Giotto - Photo: Thermos
The elaborately landscaped Boboli Gardens with their interesting sculptures are an excellent place to stroll and the city views from here are also good.

The banks of the river Arno and many its bridges are also good places to walk and around and discover other aspects of this amazing city. There are medieval back streets, superb shopping streets and an area that is a smaller version of Paris's Left Bank. The oldest, and most famous, bridge over the River Arno is Ponte Vecchio and was the only bridge in Florence to survive World War II. This bridge is lined with shops, mainly jewellers, and is a wonderful place to walk or just stand and watch the amazing buzz of Florentine life.

Florence
Population: 377,207
Male: 176,007
Female: 201,200
Population density: 3,683.3 per square km

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  • Regional Information

    • Area: 22,990 km²
      Population: 3.6 million
      Density: 157/km²
      Capital: Florence

      National Parks:
      Tuscan Archipelago
      Foreste Casentinesi, Monte Falterona, and Campigna
Location of Tuscany
Provinces of Tuscany
  • Comunes of Tuscany
    • Arezzo
      • Anghiari
        Arezzo
        Badia Tedalda
        Bibbiena
        Bucine
        Capolona
        Caprese Michelangelo
        Castel Focognano
        Castel San Niccolò
        Castelfranco di Sopra
        Castiglion Fibocchi
        Castiglion Fiorentino
        Cavriglia
        Chitignano
        Chiusi della Verna
        Civitella in Val di Chiana
        Cortona
        Foiano della Chiana
        Laterina
        Loro Ciuffenna
        Lucignano
        Marciano della Chiana
        Monte San Savino
        Montemignaio
        Monterchi
        Montevarchi
        Ortignano Raggiolo
        Pergine Valdarno
        Pian di Sco
        Pieve Santo Stefano
        Poppi
        Pratovecchio
        San Giovanni Valdarno
        Sansepolcro
        Sestino
        Stia
        Subbiano
        Talla
        Terranuova Bracciolini

    • Firenze
      • Bagno a Ripoli
        Barberino di Mugello
        Barberino Val d’Elsa
        Borgo San Lorenzo
        Calenzano
        Campi Bisenzio
        Capraia e Limite
        Castelfiorentino
        Cerreto Guidi
        Certaldo
        Dicomano
        Empoli
        Fiesole
        Figline Valdarno
        Firenze
        Firenzuola
        Fucecchio
        Gambassi Terme
        Greve in Chianti
        Impruneta
        Incisa in Val d’Arno
        Lastra a Signa
        Londa
        Marradi
        Montaione
        Montelupo Fiorentino
        Montespertoli
        Palazzuolo sul Senio
        Pelago
        Pontassieve
        Reggello
        Rignano sull’Arno
        Rufina
        San Casciano in Val di Pesa
        San Godenzo
        San Piero a Sieve
        Scandicci
        Scarperia
        Sesto Fiorentino
        Signa
        Tavarnelle Val di Pesa
        Vaglia
        Vicchio
        Vinci

    • Grosseto
      • Arcidosso
        Campagnatico
        Capalbio
        Castel del Piano
        Castell’Azzara
        Castiglione della Pescaia
        Cinigiano
        Civitella Paganico
        Follonica
        Gavorrano
        Grosseto
        Isola del Giglio
        Magliano in Toscana
        Manciano
        Massa Marittima
        Monte Argentario
        Monterotondo Marittimo
        Montieri
        Orbetello
        Pitigliano
        Roccalbegna
        Roccastrada
        Santa Fiora
        Scansano
        Scarlino
        Seggiano
        Semproniano
        Sorano

    • Livorno
      • Bibbona
        Campiglia Marittima
        Campo nell’Elba
        Capoliveri
        Capraia Isola
        Castagneto Carducci
        Cecina
        Collesalvetti
        Livorno
        Marciana
        Marciana Marina
        Piombino
        Porto Azzurro
        Portoferraio
        Rio Marina
        Rio nell’Elba
        Rosignano Marittimo
        San Vincenzo
        Sassetta
        Suvereto

    • Lucca
      • Altopascio
        Bagni di Lucca
        Barga
        Borgo a Mozzano
        Camaiore
        Camporgiano
        Capannori
        Careggine
        Castelnuovo di Garfagnana
        Castiglione di Garfagnana
        Coreglia Antelminelli
        Fabbriche di Vallico
        Forte dei Marmi
        Fosciandora
        Gallicano
        Giuncugnano
        Lucca
        Massarosa
        Minucciano
        Molazzana
        Montecarlo
        Pescaglia
        Piazza al Serchio
        Pietrasanta
        Pieve Fosciana
        Porcari
        San Romano in Garfagnana
        Seravezza
        Sillano
        Stazzema
        Vagli Sotto
        Vergemoli
        Viareggio
        Villa Basilica
        Villa Collemandina

    • Massa-Carrara
      • Aulla
        Bagnone
        Carrara
        Casola in Lunigiana
        Comano
        Filattiera
        Fivizzano
        Fosdinovo
        Licciana Nardi
        Massa
        Montignoso
        Mulazzo
        Podenzana
        Pontremoli
        Tresana
        Villafranca in Lunigiana
        Zeri

    • Pisa
      • Bientina
        Buti
        Calci
        Calcinaia
        Capannoli
        Casale Marittimo
        Casciana Terme
        Cascina
        Castelfranco di Sotto
        Castellina Marittima
        Castelnuovo di Val di Cecina
        Chianni
        Crespina
        Fauglia
        Guardistallo
        Lajatico
        Lari
        Lorenzana
        Montecatini Val di Cecina
        Montescudaio
        Monteverdi Marittimo
        Montopoli in Val d’Arno
        Orciano Pisano
        Palaia
        Peccioli
        Pisa
        Pomarance
        Ponsacco
        Pontedera
        Riparbella
        San Giuliano Terme
        San Miniato
        Santa Croce sull’Arno
        Santa Luce
        Santa Maria a Monte
        Terricciola
        Vecchiano
        Vicopisano
        Volterra

    • Pistoia
      • Abetone
        Agliana
        Buggiano
        Chiesina Uzzanese
        Cutigliano
        Lamporecchio
        Larciano
        Marliana
        Massa e Cozzile
        Monsummano Terme
        Montale
        Montecatini-Terme
        Pescia
        Pieve a Nievole
        Pistoia
        Piteglio
        Ponte Buggianese
        Quarrata
        Sambuca Pistoiese
        San Marcello Pistoiese
        Serravalle Pistoiese
        Uzzano

    • Prato
      • Cantagallo
        Carmignano
        Montemurlo
        Poggio a Caiano
        Prato
        Vaiano
        Vernio

    • Siena
      • Abbadia San Salvatore
        Asciano
        Buonconvento
        Casole d’Elsa
        Castellina in Chianti
        Castelnuovo Berardenga
        Castiglione d’Orcia
        Cetona
        Chianciano Terme
        Chiusdino
        Chiusi
        Colle di Val d’Elsa
        Gaiole in Chianti
        Montalcino
        Montepulciano
        Monteriggioni
        Monteroni d’Arbia
        Monticiano
        Murlo
        Piancastagnaio
        Pienza
        Poggibonsi
        Radda in Chianti
        Radicofani
        Radicondoli
        Rapolano Terme
        San Casciano dei Bagni
        San Gimignano
        San Giovanni d’Asso
        San Quirico d’Orcia
        Sarteano
        Siena
        Sinalunga
        Sovicille
        Torrita di Siena
        Trequanda

Hotels in Tuscany
TuscanyWEATHER
Tuscany Climate (Florence)
  High Low Sun Rain
Jan 15 8 4 63
Feb 15 8 4 52
Mar 17 9 5 43
Apr 19 11 6 31
May 24 15 7 17
Jun 28 18 9 9
Jul 31 22 10 6
Aug 31 22 9 9
Sep 28 19 7 29
Oct 24 16 6 53
Nov 20 12 4 63
Dec 17 10 4 59
Table Key:
High - Average monthly high temperatures
Low - Average monthly low temperatures
Sun - Average hours of sunshine per day
Rain - Average monthly rainfall in mm
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