Maremma, maremma grossetana, maremma livornese, maremma laziale, alta maremma, bassa maremma, metalliferous hills, amiata, fiora valley, maremma regional park
Maremma, maremma grossetana, maremma livornese, maremma laziale, alta maremma, bassa maremma, metalliferous hills, amiata, fiora valley, maremma regional park
The Maremma

Maremma, maremma grossetana, maremma livornese, maremma laziale, alta maremma, bassa maremma, metalliferous hills, amiata, fiora valley, maremma regional park

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The Maremma is a fascinating area of Italy, located mainly in the province of Grosseto in the southwest of Tuscany, but also extending into northern Lazio. In total, it occupies an area of approximately 5,000 square kilometres with 250 kilometres of coastline. Originally an area of malaria infested marshland, it was drained and developed during the Fascist era, and populated from other regions of Italy, notably the Veneto. It is a unique area, containing almost every kind of natural habitat within a relatively small area. It also offers a wide variety of history and culture, spectacular scenery and a fascinating history stretching back to the Etruscan civilisation before the arrival of the romans.

Maremma, maremma grossetana, maremma livornese, maremma laziale, alta maremma, bassa maremma, metalliferous hills, amiata, fiora valley, maremma regional park
Although the exact boundaries of the area are a little vague, it is possible to divide the Maremma into three zones: The Maremma Livornese, which starts at Cecina, in the province of Livorno, and touches the edge of the provinces of Pisa and Sienna. The Maremma Grossetana, which starts at Follonica and extends down to include the Argentario promontory, and the Maremma Laziale, which starts in the north of the province of Viterbo in Lazio, and extends as far south as Santa Marinella in the province of Roma.

Maremma, maremma grossetana, maremma livornese, maremma laziale, alta maremma, bassa maremma, metalliferous hills, amiata, fiora valley, maremma regional park
Massa Marittima - Photo: Markus Bernet
In the north, there is an area known as the 'Metaliferous Hills' which stretch from Follonica on the coast to the border with the province of Siena. As their name suggests, they are rich in minerals and the area has been mined for centuries. The main town is Massa Marittima.

Maremma, maremma grossetana, maremma livornese, maremma laziale, alta maremma, bassa maremma, metalliferous hills, amiata, fiora valley, maremma regional park
Monte Amiata - Photo: Zyance
Monte Amiata is the second highest volcano in Italy after Mt Etna. It rises to a height of 1732 metres, dominating the landscape of southern Tuscany. Although its last eruption was about 180,000 years ago, it continues to feed the many hot thermal springs in the area at Bagno Vignoni, San Casciano dei Bagni and Bagno S. Filippo. The more distant springs at Saturnia and Petriolo are also fed from Monte Amiata. The area is very popular with hikers who can enjoy the many marked paths that make their way through the varied habitat, home to many different species of plants and wildlife.

Maremma, maremma grossetana, maremma livornese, maremma laziale, alta maremma, bassa maremma, metalliferous hills, amiata, fiora valley, maremma regional park
Cala Grande, Agentario - Photo: Understanding Italy
In the south, close to the border between the regions of Tuscany and Lazio, there is the area of the 'Silver Coast' (Costa D'Argento) where the Argentario promontory juts out into the sea towards the Island of Giglio. Argentario is well-known for its rocky coastline and clear sea with the charming ports of Porto Ercole and Porto S. Stefano just a few of the beautiful places in this part of the Maremma. Looking to the north, past Talmone, you can see the Natural Park of Maremma. Just behind Monte Argentario sits the town of Orbetello flanked on both sides by its lagoon. Further inland stands the famous hilltop town of Capalbio.

Maremma, maremma grossetana, maremma livornese, maremma laziale, alta maremma, bassa maremma, metalliferous hills, amiata, fiora valley, maremma regional park
Maremma Regional Park - Photo: Gabriele Delhey
The 'Maremma Regional Park' (Parco regionale della Maremma), also known as the 'Uccelina Park' (Parco dell'Uccellina), was set up in 1975 and was the first nature reserve to be established in Tuscany. It covers an area of nearly 10,000 hectares and stretches along the coast from Principina al Mare to Talamone.

The park contains a wide variety of habitats ranging from the coastline, a mixture of sandy beaches and rocky cliffs, through luxuriant oak and pine forests, across some original marshes, cultivated farmland and up into the rugged hills further inland.

The park is a favourite tourist destination in the summer but also is an important wildlife reserve, providing sanctuary to many different species including: birds of prey; wild ducks; herons; flamingos; wild boar; roe deer; foxes; wild horses and a rare breed of Maremman cow.

Maremma, maremma grossetana, maremma livornese, maremma laziale, alta maremma, bassa maremma, metalliferous hills, amiata, fiora valley, maremma regional park
Vulci
Just over the border into the province of Viterbo to the south of the Maremma lie the ruins of the Etruscan city of Vulci. At around the 6th century BC, Vulci was one of the most important cities in the area. Situated right at the heart of the Etruscan civilisation, it dominated the surrounding area. When the romans arrived, Vulci was destroyed but there are important remains there that are worth a visit.

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Comuni within the Maremma
Province of Livorno:
Bibbona
Campiglia Marittima
Castagneto Carducci
Cecina
Piombino
Rosignano Marittimo
San Vincenzo
Suvereto
Province of Pisa:
Casale Marittimo
Castellina Marittima
Guardistallo
Montescudaio
Monteverdi Marittimo
Orciano Pisano
Riparbella
Santa Luce
Province of Grosseto:
Arcidosso
Campagnatico
Capalbio
Castell'Azzara
Castel del Piano
Castiglione della Pescaia
Cinigiano
Civitella Paganico
Follonica
Gavorrano
Grosseto
Isola del Giglio
Magliano in Toscana
Manciano
Massa Marittima
Monte Argentario
Monterotondo Marittimo
Montieri
Orbetello
Pitigliano
Roccalbegna
Roccastrada
Santa Fiora
Scansano
Scarlino
Seggiano
Semproniano
Sorano
Province of Roma:
Civitavecchia
Santa Marinella
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Flag of Tuscany
  • Regional Information

    • Area: 22,990 km²
      Population: 3.6 million
      Density: 157/km²
      Capital: Florence

      National Parks:
      Tuscan Archipelago
      Foreste Casentinesi, Monte Falterona, and Campigna
Location of Tuscany
Provinces of Tuscany
  • Comunes of Tuscany
    • Arezzo
      • Anghiari
        Arezzo
        Badia Tedalda
        Bibbiena
        Bucine
        Capolona
        Caprese Michelangelo
        Castel Focognano
        Castel San Niccolò
        Castelfranco di Sopra
        Castiglion Fibocchi
        Castiglion Fiorentino
        Cavriglia
        Chitignano
        Chiusi della Verna
        Civitella in Val di Chiana
        Cortona
        Foiano della Chiana
        Laterina
        Loro Ciuffenna
        Lucignano
        Marciano della Chiana
        Monte San Savino
        Montemignaio
        Monterchi
        Montevarchi
        Ortignano Raggiolo
        Pergine Valdarno
        Pian di Sco
        Pieve Santo Stefano
        Poppi
        Pratovecchio
        San Giovanni Valdarno
        Sansepolcro
        Sestino
        Stia
        Subbiano
        Talla
        Terranuova Bracciolini

    • Firenze
      • Bagno a Ripoli
        Barberino di Mugello
        Barberino Val d’Elsa
        Borgo San Lorenzo
        Calenzano
        Campi Bisenzio
        Capraia e Limite
        Castelfiorentino
        Cerreto Guidi
        Certaldo
        Dicomano
        Empoli
        Fiesole
        Figline Valdarno
        Firenze
        Firenzuola
        Fucecchio
        Gambassi Terme
        Greve in Chianti
        Impruneta
        Incisa in Val d’Arno
        Lastra a Signa
        Londa
        Marradi
        Montaione
        Montelupo Fiorentino
        Montespertoli
        Palazzuolo sul Senio
        Pelago
        Pontassieve
        Reggello
        Rignano sull’Arno
        Rufina
        San Casciano in Val di Pesa
        San Godenzo
        San Piero a Sieve
        Scandicci
        Scarperia
        Sesto Fiorentino
        Signa
        Tavarnelle Val di Pesa
        Vaglia
        Vicchio
        Vinci

    • Grosseto
      • Arcidosso
        Campagnatico
        Capalbio
        Castel del Piano
        Castell’Azzara
        Castiglione della Pescaia
        Cinigiano
        Civitella Paganico
        Follonica
        Gavorrano
        Grosseto
        Isola del Giglio
        Magliano in Toscana
        Manciano
        Massa Marittima
        Monte Argentario
        Monterotondo Marittimo
        Montieri
        Orbetello
        Pitigliano
        Roccalbegna
        Roccastrada
        Santa Fiora
        Scansano
        Scarlino
        Seggiano
        Semproniano
        Sorano

    • Livorno
      • Bibbona
        Campiglia Marittima
        Campo nell’Elba
        Capoliveri
        Capraia Isola
        Castagneto Carducci
        Cecina
        Collesalvetti
        Livorno
        Marciana
        Marciana Marina
        Piombino
        Porto Azzurro
        Portoferraio
        Rio Marina
        Rio nell’Elba
        Rosignano Marittimo
        San Vincenzo
        Sassetta
        Suvereto

    • Lucca
      • Altopascio
        Bagni di Lucca
        Barga
        Borgo a Mozzano
        Camaiore
        Camporgiano
        Capannori
        Careggine
        Castelnuovo di Garfagnana
        Castiglione di Garfagnana
        Coreglia Antelminelli
        Fabbriche di Vallico
        Forte dei Marmi
        Fosciandora
        Gallicano
        Giuncugnano
        Lucca
        Massarosa
        Minucciano
        Molazzana
        Montecarlo
        Pescaglia
        Piazza al Serchio
        Pietrasanta
        Pieve Fosciana
        Porcari
        San Romano in Garfagnana
        Seravezza
        Sillano
        Stazzema
        Vagli Sotto
        Vergemoli
        Viareggio
        Villa Basilica
        Villa Collemandina

    • Massa-Carrara
      • Aulla
        Bagnone
        Carrara
        Casola in Lunigiana
        Comano
        Filattiera
        Fivizzano
        Fosdinovo
        Licciana Nardi
        Massa
        Montignoso
        Mulazzo
        Podenzana
        Pontremoli
        Tresana
        Villafranca in Lunigiana
        Zeri

    • Pisa
      • Bientina
        Buti
        Calci
        Calcinaia
        Capannoli
        Casale Marittimo
        Casciana Terme
        Cascina
        Castelfranco di Sotto
        Castellina Marittima
        Castelnuovo di Val di Cecina
        Chianni
        Crespina
        Fauglia
        Guardistallo
        Lajatico
        Lari
        Lorenzana
        Montecatini Val di Cecina
        Montescudaio
        Monteverdi Marittimo
        Montopoli in Val d’Arno
        Orciano Pisano
        Palaia
        Peccioli
        Pisa
        Pomarance
        Ponsacco
        Pontedera
        Riparbella
        San Giuliano Terme
        San Miniato
        Santa Croce sull’Arno
        Santa Luce
        Santa Maria a Monte
        Terricciola
        Vecchiano
        Vicopisano
        Volterra

    • Pistoia
      • Abetone
        Agliana
        Buggiano
        Chiesina Uzzanese
        Cutigliano
        Lamporecchio
        Larciano
        Marliana
        Massa e Cozzile
        Monsummano Terme
        Montale
        Montecatini-Terme
        Pescia
        Pieve a Nievole
        Pistoia
        Piteglio
        Ponte Buggianese
        Quarrata
        Sambuca Pistoiese
        San Marcello Pistoiese
        Serravalle Pistoiese
        Uzzano

    • Prato
      • Cantagallo
        Carmignano
        Montemurlo
        Poggio a Caiano
        Prato
        Vaiano
        Vernio

    • Siena
      • Abbadia San Salvatore
        Asciano
        Buonconvento
        Casole d’Elsa
        Castellina in Chianti
        Castelnuovo Berardenga
        Castiglione d’Orcia
        Cetona
        Chianciano Terme
        Chiusdino
        Chiusi
        Colle di Val d’Elsa
        Gaiole in Chianti
        Montalcino
        Montepulciano
        Monteriggioni
        Monteroni d’Arbia
        Monticiano
        Murlo
        Piancastagnaio
        Pienza
        Poggibonsi
        Radda in Chianti
        Radicofani
        Radicondoli
        Rapolano Terme
        San Casciano dei Bagni
        San Gimignano
        San Giovanni d’Asso
        San Quirico d’Orcia
        Sarteano
        Siena
        Sinalunga
        Sovicille
        Torrita di Siena
        Trequanda

Hotels in Tuscany
TuscanyWEATHER
Tuscany Climate (Florence)
  High Low Sun Rain
Jan 15 8 4 63
Feb 15 8 4 52
Mar 17 9 5 43
Apr 19 11 6 31
May 24 15 7 17
Jun 28 18 9 9
Jul 31 22 10 6
Aug 31 22 9 9
Sep 28 19 7 29
Oct 24 16 6 53
Nov 20 12 4 63
Dec 17 10 4 59
Table Key:
High - Average monthly high temperatures
Low - Average monthly low temperatures
Sun - Average hours of sunshine per day
Rain - Average monthly rainfall in mm
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